Samuel Duchemin1,2

#181, (circa 1640 - between November 1726 and May 1727)
FatherJean Duchemin1 b. c 1590, d. c 1664
MotherAnne Le Noir1 b. c 1595, d. b 1661
Biography*  Samuel Duchemin (Dishman) was a French Protestant (Huguenot) who emigrated from France to North America at the end of the 17th century. He is the progenitor of all the Dishmans that can trace their ancestry to the Northern Neck of Virginia. 
Name Variation  Dishman is the anglicized version of Duchemin. Between 1693 and 1717, the records of colonial Virginia show various spellings of Duchemin, including Decymee, Duchemein, Duchemen, Duchiminia, Duchimin, and Dishmon. After 1717, only the variation Dishman appears in reference to the immigrant Samuel and his children. In his will, Samuel Duchemin uses Dishman when referring to himself and his family, but signs the will "Sam'l. Duchmein". Since only the county clerk's copy of the will survives, we don't know if this spelling is Samuel's or the clerk's.3 
Birth*circa 1640 Samuel Duchemin was born circa 1640 in France.4,5 
(Heir) Succession20 May 1661 He was named an heir in the Act in Advance of Succession of Jean Duchemin dated 20 May 1661 in Tinchebray, France.1 
Exhibit*  Signature of Samuel Duchemin taken from the Act in Advance of Succession of 1661.1
Marriage*3 Sep 1661 Samuel Duchemin married first Marie du Mont, daughter of Philippe du Mont and Elisabeth d'Eschalou, on 3 Sep 1661 in Fresnes, France.6 
Misc*10 Mar 1686 After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, Samuel Duchemin and Isaac Duchemin were required to renounce the Protestant religion with an abjuration of heresy on 10 Mar 1686 in Tinchebray, France.6,7 
Emigration*circa 1687 Samuel Duchemin and Isaac Duchemin emigrated from Landisacq, Flers, Orne, France, circa 1687 possibly going to Jersey in the Channel Islands.8,9 
Immigration*prior to 1693 Samuel Duchemin and Isaac Duchemin immigrated to Westmoreland County in in the Colony of Virginia prior to 1693, possibly by way of England.10,11 
Marriage*say 1695 Samuel Duchemin married second Cornelia (?) say 1695 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.12 
LandDeed*28 Feb 1693/94 Samuel Duchemin and Isaac Duchemin received approximately 75 acres of land in Westmoreland County, Virginia, from Malachai Peale on 28 Feb 1693/94. This is the first known record of Samuel and Isaac in Virginia and is found in the Westmoreland County Virginia Court Order Book (1690-98), page 119a, February 28, 1693: At a Court held for the sd. County the twenty Eight day of ffeby.1693 (Capt. Wm Pierce, Mr. Wm Horton, Capt. Thos. Gouct, Mr. Henry Rosse, Justices), Mr. Malachy Peele came into Court and acknowledged a Deed of sale of Land from him to Saml. Decymee & Isaac Decymee to bee his proper Act & Deed and the Lands & premesses thereby conveyed to bee the just right and Inheritance of the sd. Saml. and Isaac Decymee. Ordered the same be Recorded.13 
LandDeed*1 Oct 1701 Samuel Duchemin received 200 acres of land for 3,500 pounds of "good sound tobacco in caske" in Richmond County, Virginia, from Robert Peck on 1 Oct 1701. His name was recorded as Samuel Duchemine. This land became part of King George County after 1721.14 
LandGrant27 Feb 1705/6 Samuel Duchemin had a claim for land approved for the importation of six persons into Virginia under the headright system on 27 Feb 1705/6 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. The persons transported were Henry Stapleton, William Mean, William Duff, Margrett Collins, Pierce Cale and Michaell Spiller. This claim was not fulfilled until 1714.15 
LandGrant*18 Dec 1710 He was granted 440 acres escheat land on 18 Dec 1710 in Upper Machotique, Westmoreland County, Virginia. His name was recorded as Samuel Duchiminia.16 
LandGrant30 Aug 1711 He was granted 202 acres on the lower side of the Occoquan River at the mouth of Broad Run on 30 Aug 1711 in Stafford County, Virginia. His name was recorded as Samuel Duchiminia. After Samuel's death, son John inherited this land, and it passed to John's widow Frances after John's death in 1739. Frances sold the land to Samuel Davis in 1740.17,18 
LandGrant16 Jun 1714 He was granted a patent for 816 acres about 2 miles from the Rappahannock River on 16 Jun 1714 in Essex County, Virginia. The patent was issued for the transportation of six persons to Virginia under the headright system. The patent was requested in 1705. His name was recorded as Samuel Duchimin.19,20 
Death*between Nov 1726 and May 1727 He died between Nov 1726 and May 1727 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.21,22 
Will*15 Nov 1726 He made a will on 15 Nov 1726 in Westmoreland County, Virginia. In his will, he refers to himself and his family using the surname Dishman, but he signs the will "Samuel Duchmein".3 
Probate*31 May 1727 His estate was probated on 31 May 1727 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.23 
Inventory*26 Jul 1727 An inventory of the estate of Samuel Duchemin was recorded on 26 Jul 1727 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.24,25 
(Witness) Deposition13 Jun 1796 He was mentioned in the deposition of James Dishman Sr. in an Essex County court case (Dishman et al vs. Fitzhugh) on 13 Jun 1796 in King George County, Virginia.26,27 
(Mentioned) Court Chancery17 Dec 1798 Samuel Duchemin was mentioned in a Chancery Court case on 17 Dec 1798 in Essex County, Virginia. In his will, Samuel Dishman (d. 1726) left his land in Essex County to his sons David and Peter, to be equally divided. David did not take possession of his share of the land, and Peter maintained possession of the entire property. David died without mentioning the land in his will. David's heirs sued Peter's son Samuel, who was then in possession of the land, for their share.28 

Children of Samuel Duchemin and Marie du Mont

Marriage*3 Sep 1661 Samuel Duchemin married first Marie du Mont, daughter of Philippe du Mont and Elisabeth d'Eschalou, on 3 Sep 1661 in Fresnes, France.6 

Children of Samuel Duchemin and Cornelia (?)

Marriage*say 1695 Samuel Duchemin married second Cornelia (?) say 1695 in Westmoreland County, Virginia.12 
ChartsDescendants of Samuel Duchemin (Dishman)
Ancestors of Samuel Duchemin (Dishman)
Ancestors of James Samuel Dishman (#1)
Ancestors of James Samuel Dishman (#2)
Direct Ancestors of James Samuel Dishman
Last Edited3 Aug 2014
Researcher's Note (Last Updated:26 Nov 2003):
Notes on the birth years of children with Cornelia.

Probable order and dates:
c 1697 - Samuel Jr.
c 1700 - John
c 1702 - Elizabeth
c 1704 - Anne
c 1710 - Mary
1712 - James
c 1714 - David
c 1718 - Peter


Samuel Jr. is assumed to be the first born son since he was named after his father. A Westmoreland court judged a slave owned by Samuel Jr to be 7 yrs old on 27 Aug 1718. If we assume Samuel had to be 21 to own property, then he was born before 1697.
John is named as the eldest son in Samuel's will. Samuel Jr. is not listed and is assumed to have died, so this places John as the second born son. He was at least 21 years old when his father wrote his will in 1726, so he was born before 1705.
Elizabeth was married at the time her father wrote his will in 1726, so assuming she was at least 18 when married, she would have been born before 1708.
Anne was married in 1729, so assuming she was at least 18 when married, she would have been born before 1711.
Mary was unmarried at the time her father wrote his will in 1726, so assuming she was at least 18 when married about 1730, she would have been born after 1708.
James' age is given as 84 or there abouts in a deposition dated 1796, so his birth year is placed at 1712. He also petitioned the Westmoreland court on 29 May 1733 for his share of his father's estate, so he must have turned 21 just before that date.
David chose Original Brown as guardian in Feb 1729/30 when his mother Cornelia died. He was mentioned as guardian in Sep 1733. Children could select their own guardian between ages of 14 and 21. This places birth date between 1712 and 1716.
Peter chose brother David as his guardian in Westmoreland county on 2 Nov 1739, so he was less than 21 years old. This means he was younger than David, and was born after 1718.29

Citations

  1. [S245] Jean Duchemin, Act in Advance of Succession, 20 May 1661; Records of Guy Halley and Isaac Ybert, Notaries of Tinchebray, Series 4 E 80/61, Archives Départementales de l'Orne, 6-10, avenue de Basingstoke, Alençon, Orne, France. This document establishes how Jean Duchemin wished to divide his property between his six sons: David, Isaac, Daniel, Samuel, Charles, and Jean.
  2. [S10] Samuel Dishman (Duchmein) will (15 Nov 1726), Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, County Clerk's Office, Westmoreland County, Virginia, In his will, Samuel Duchemin uses Dishman when referring to himself and his family, but signs the will "Sam'l. Duchmein."
  3. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84.
  4. [S394] Jacky Delafontenelle, Les Protestants de Fresnes, Généalogie & histoire des familles originaires de l'ancienne Église réformée de Fresnes (Orne) et des autres Églises protestantes du Bocage normand (Marly-le-Roi, France: Delafontenelle, Jacky, 2010). French language. p. 139, person (306), Samuel Duchemin was oldest son of Jean DuChemin with his second wife Anne Le Noir and marriage occurred after 1630, so Samuel's birth is placed at about 1640.
  5. [S245] Jean Duchemin, Act in Advance of Succession; Records of Guy Halley and Isaac Ybert, Notaries of Tinchebray, 20 May 1661 Archives Départementales de l'Orne, Samuel is the oldest son of Jean Duchemin and Anne Le Noir.
  6. [S222] Jacky Delafontenelle, "E-Mail, Delafontenelle," e-mail message to Keith Dishman, Isaac & Samuel Duchemin.
  7. [S394] Jacky Delafontenelle, Les Protestants de Fresnes, p. 139, person (306).
  8. [S222] Jacky Delafontenelle, "E-Mail, Delafontenelle," e-mail to Keith Dishman, Isaac & Samuel Duchemin.
  9. [S248] L'abbé L.-V. Dumaine, author, Tinchebray et sa région, Au bocage normand, 2 volumes (Paris: Res Universis, 1993; reprint Paris: H. Champion, 1887), p. 359, states “De là les émigrations qui se produisirent à cette époque; pour Fresnes, qui comptait cinq ou six cents protestants, on cite parmi les émigrés Jacques Martin, Jacques et Jean Sorel, Louis Thoury, Pierre et Nicolas Briand, Nicolas Huard, Jacques Marchand, Postel, veuve Huard, Onfroy; à Caligny Jacques Rabache, Michel et Jacques Huart; à Landisacq, Samuel et Isaac Duchemin; à Montilly, Nicolas Huart, Pierre Le Harivel, J.-B. Salle; à Tinchebray, Guillaume Duchemin; et enfin à Montsecret, Jean Vardon."
  10. [S51] Westmoreland County Court Order Book (1690-1698), p. 119a, Court date 28 Feb 1693. This is the earliest known record of Samuel and Isaac Duchemin in Virginia, County Clerk's Office, Westmoreland County, Virginia. Hereinafter cited as Westmoreland Order Book.
  11. [S280] Dishman et al v. Dishman, Essex County Chancery Court Records, (21 Dec 1798): "...a certain Samuel Duchemein, some time in the year _____ [blank] migrated from France & settled in this Country, & was naturalized here by the name of Dishman.", County Clerk's Office, Tappahannock, Essex County, Virginia.
  12. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, Samuel refers to his "well beloved wife Cornelia Dishman". The date and location of their marriage is unknown, but based upon the birth dates of their children, sometime in the middle 1690s is likely.
  13. [S51] Westmoreland Order Book (1690-1698), p. 119a, Court date 28 Feb 1693.
  14. [S251] Richmond County Deed Book: No. 3, (1697-1704), pp.150-153, 1 Oct 1701, Courthouse, Richmond County, Virginia.
  15. [S51] Westmoreland Order Book (1705-1707), page 6a.
  16. [S107] Northern Neck Grants No. 4, 1710-1712: p. 18, Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia. Hereinafter cited as Northern Neck Grants No. 4.
  17. [S107] Northern Neck Grants No. 4: p. 51.
  18. [S113] Prince William County, Virginia Deed Book, E, 1740-1741: p. 15, Courthouse, 9311 Lee Avenue, Manassas, Prince William County, Virginia. Hereinafter cited as Prince William Co. Deed Book.
  19. [S108] Virginia Colonial Land Office Patents, No. 10, 1710-1719: page 159. A scanned image is available online at the Library of Virginia website (http://www.lva.lib.va.us/)., Library of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia.
  20. [S112] Louis des Cognets, compiler, English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records (Princeton, NJ: privately published, 1958), page 86. A patent granted to Samuel Duchimin for 816 acres in Essex County, Virginia, is included in a list of patents "prepared to be signed October 1706". The land was surveyed by Charles Smith, and a date of October 26, 1705 is given. It is not clear if the date refers to the date of the survey or another date.
  21. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, Will probated 31 May 1727.
  22. [S141] Westmoreland County Inventory Book: 1723-1746 Part 1, p.90, County Clerk's Office, Westmoreland County, Virginia. There is an entry dated 25 Mar 1730 for the Supplemental Inventory of Samuel Dishman that refers to "crops on the ground the year he dyed, viz 1726". The inventory was filed by his son and executor John Dishman. This implies that he died in 1726 shortly after he wrote his will, and not in 1727 when his will was probated. Note that because the Julian calender was not adopted in England and the colonies until 1752, the year 1726 could imply any date between 15 Nov 1726 and 24 Mar 1726.
  23. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, Recorded 3 June 1727.
  24. [S141] Westmoreland County Inventory Book: 1723-1746.
  25. [S51] Westmoreland Order Book 1721-1731, p. 178.
  26. [S122] George H. S. King Papers, ca. 1930-1985, Virginia Historical Society, Richmond, Virginia, typewritten transcript titled "Deposition of James Dishman of King George County", taken from Essex County, Virginia, Chancery Suit box 1774-1784, Folder 2D1-88, by G.H.S. King on 1-5-1957.
  27. [S313] Essex County, Virginia Chancery Case Records, Case 1800-025, David Dishman et al vs Theodore Fitzhugh et al, box 2 2-D, deposition of James Dishman taken on 13 June 1796, County Clerk's Office, Tappahannock, Essex County, Virginia. Hereinafter cited as Essex Co. Chancery Cases.
  28. [S280] Dishman et al v. Dishman, Essex County Chancery Court Records, (21 Dec 1798), County Clerk's Office.
  29. [S33] Assumptions of researcher.
  30. [S51] Westmoreland Order Book (1705-1721), p.354, court of 27 Aug 1718 includes a reference to "Samuel Dishmen junr." He is most likely the oldest son of Samuel and Cornelia Dishman.
  31. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, names son John Dishman.
  32. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, names daughter Elizabeth Brown.
  33. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, names daughter Ann Dishman.
  34. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, names daughter Mary.
  35. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, names son James Dishman.
  36. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, names son David Dishman.
  37. [S10] Samuel Dishman will (1726) Deeds & Wills No. 8, 1723 - 1738, page 84, names son Peter Dishman.
 

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